Damages caused by strictly protected animals

Indemnity for damages inflicted by animals of strictly protected wild taxa is regulated by the Nature Protection Act (OG 80/13) and Ordinance on the prevention and compensation of damages caused by animals of strictly protected wild taxa (OG 158/09).

Damage is identified and assessed by the Ministry’s experts (20 permanent experts located in the territory of Karlovac, Sisak-Moslavina, Primorje-Gorski Kotar, Istria, Lika-Senj, Zadar, Šibenik-Knin, Split-Dalmatia and Dubrovnik-Neretva counties).

Under the provisions of the listed Act and Ordinance, a legal or natural person whom an animal of strictly protected taxa may inflict economic or any other damage (the person who suffered damages) must duly and at his own expense undertake all authorized procedures and interventions, such as efficient fencing off, targeted safeguarding of resources and putting to flight the animals in order to prevent the occurrence of damage. The person who suffered damages shall have the right to indemnity in the amount of actual damage inflicted by an animal of strictly protected taxa if he/she has undertaken statutory procedures and interventions. If the person who suffered damages has undertaken all authorized procedures and interventions in order to prevent the occurrence of damage and it is indisputably established that the damage was caused by an animal of strictly protected wild taxa, compensation of the damage shall be granted in the highest amount prescribed by the compensation tariff or according to average purchase price in the Republic of Croatia, and only exceptionally according to the invoice for purchase of the object of damage. In the opposite case, if the person who suffered damages did not undertake all authorized procedures and interventions in order to prevent the occurrence of damage, or it is disputable whether the damage was caused by an animal of strictly protected wild taxa, compensation of the damage shall not be granted, unless otherwise prescribed by an additional criterion for evaluating damage. The person who suffered damages must notify the Ministry or the expert authorized by the minister of the occurrence of damage without delay, and no later than eight days or, in the case of damage caused by strictly protected large carnivores, three days from the date of occurrence of damage.

The expert inspecting the place of occurrence of damage shall write up minutes thereon. The amount of indemnity shall be established by agreement between the Ministry and the person who suffered damages.

The list of experts is an integral part of the Ordinance on the prevention and compensation of damages caused by animals of strictly protected wild taxa and it is published in the Official Gazette, while amendments to the list are published on the Ministry’s web page. Permanent experts have an official identity card proving they are authorised for establishing and assessing damages caused by animals of strictly protected wild taxa.